What are hydrosols?
Hydrosols, also known as floral waters or herbal waters, are products that are produced during the steam distillation of plants to extract essential oils. When plant material is distilled, the steam carries both the essential oil and water-soluble compounds from the plant. After the distillation process, the essential oil is separated from the water, leaving behind the hydrosol.
Hydrosols have a milder aroma compared to their corresponding essential oils and contain a diluted concentration of the plant’s beneficial compounds. They are often considered gentler and safer for direct use than essential oils, as they are less concentrated and may have a more subtle effect.
Hydrosols retain some of the therapeutic properties of the plant, along with its fragrance, and can be used for various purposes. They can be used in skincare as toners, facial mists, or refreshing sprays. Hydrosols are believed to have soothing, hydrating, and mildly astringent properties, making them suitable for all skin types. They can also be used in aromatherapy, added to baths, used as room sprays, or incorporated into DIY cosmetic and household products.
Examples of commonly available hydrosols include rose water, lavender water, chamomile water, witch hazel water, and orange blossom water. Each hydrosol has its own unique properties and fragrance, reflecting the characteristics of the plant from which it is derived.